Faulty parallel structure in students’ argumentative writing

Authors

  • Asti Ayuningsih Postgraduate Student of Tourism Studies, Graduate School of Gadjah Mada University, Jogjakarta, Indonesia
  • Sri Widyarti Ali Department of English Education, Faculty of Letters and Culture, State University of Gorontalo, Indonesia
  • Fahria Malabar Department of English Education, Faculty of Letters and Culture, State University of Gorontalo, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54923/transkata.v1i1.5

Keywords:

parallel structure, faulty parallelism, argumentative writing

Abstract

In writing, to produce well-structured and understandable sentences, students must have knowledge of one aspect of grammar, namely parallelism. However, in fact, many students do not understand the concept of parallelism so that they fail to apply it in writing. This study examines the common types of faulty parallel structure in students’ argumentative writing and investigates the factors which cause the fault.  This is a qualitative study that collects the primary data from students’ argumentative writing in particular topics which demand them to present their arguments and to provide their position, reasons and evidence in their writing, and the secondary data from the interview.  As a result, this study discovers that students commit the faults in different types of parallelism, and mostly take place in parallel structure with elements joined by conjunction, both coordinating and correlative conjunction. The result of the interview section shows that students make the faulty parallelism due to lack of knowledge, lack of attention, and lack of vocabulary.  Thus, in order to reduce the faulty parallel structure, the specific materials about parallelism should be added in writing or grammar’s lesson plan.

References

Balogun, J. (n.d.) in Alabi, V. A. and Babatunde, S. T. (Eds.). (n.d.). Three types of writing: letter, essay and creative writing. The Use of English in Higher Education. ISBN: 978-2066-48-6

Benner, M. (2004). Self teaching unit: Parallel structure. Retrieved from https://webapps.towson.edu/ows/moduleparallel.htm on November 25th, 2015.

Darmayati, D. (2008). The error analysis on the parallelism made by English department students of the University of Muhammadiyah Malang. Thesis. Retrieved from eprints.umm.ac.id/3596/ on November 5th, 2016.

Hasna, B. (2009). Faulty Parallelismin Students’ Writings The Case of Third Year L.M.D. Students Department of Foreign Languages Mentouri University of Constantine. Dissertation. Retrieved from bu.umc.edu.dz/theses/anglais/BEN1209.pdf on January 31st, 2017.

Johnson, K. (2008). Why do people make so many mistakes. Retrieved from http://wiki.c2.com/?WhyDoPeopleMakeSoManyMistakes on February 8th, 2017.

Ngangbam, H. (2016). An analysis of syntactic errors committed by students of English language class in the written composition of MutahUniversity: a case study. European Journal ofEnglish Language, Linguistics and Literature,3 (1), ISSN 2059-2027.

Pebrianita, A. (2013).An analysis of parallel structure errors of sentences in students’ writing argumentative essay.Skripsi. Sumatra Barat: English Department, STKIP PGRI Sumatra Barat. Retrieved from download.portalgaruda.org/article.php?...AN%20ANALYSIS%20OF%20PARALLEL... on January 6th, 2016.

Sholihah, U. (2014). The differences between English and Indonesian language. Retrieved from journal.unwidha.ac.id/index.php/magistra/article/view/441 on December 9th, 2016.

Young, D. (2007). Parallelism in Writing. Retrieved from http://www.donnayoung.org/english/composition/parallelism-in-writing.htm on June 25th, 2016.

Downloads

Published

2020-11-29

How to Cite

Ayuningsih, A., Ali, S. W., & Malabar, F. (2020). Faulty parallel structure in students’ argumentative writing. TRANS-KATA: Journal of Language, Literature, Culture and Education, 1(1), 14-21. https://doi.org/10.54923/transkata.v1i1.5